A project under the auspices of the nation-wide Positive Behaviour for Learning (PB4L) initiative, Ministry of Education. (2012-2016). This project is in response to the developmental a nationwide initiative of a whole-school strengths-based behavioural intervention by Maori for Maori with the potential to transform educational success and opportunities. The initial stage of the project involved a round of data collection, conducted via a series of focus groups held with Maori experts, practitioners, families and students, to support a theoretical development of a kaupapa Maori approach to school-wide positive behaviour. The evidence indicated that a systems framework needs to come from a Maori worldview, be inclusive of community and ensure Maori children are able to learn as Maori – enjoying positive cultural and identity development through schooling.